Oman: military aspects of uprising

FO 1016/608 1957

This file concerns the military situation in Oman at the time of the Jebel Akhdar War. It contains:

  • A document providing a list of available forces; intelligence on the rebels, information about the topography of Jebel Akhdar and the routes leading to its summit; and analysis of the available courses of military action
  • Reports on an officer of the Cameronians (Scottish Rifles) who disappeared after going walking alone in the mountains in search of men who had been left behind after suffering heat stroke during a training exercise
  • A description of the route from the Kumah base to Jebel Akhdar with a hand-drawn map
  • Arrangements for signals and communications
  • Interrogations of enemy soldiers captured at Nizwa, as well as Omani soldiers who had been captured by rebel forces and released and intelligence on enemy movements derived from these interrogations
  • A restriction placed on the movement of vehicles, people and animals in the area around Jebel Akhdar
  • Details of RAF reconnaissance and the dropping of leaflets containing the Sultan’s message to the tribes
  • Plans for air strikes against rebel positions in Izki, Nizwa, Tanuf, Firq, Bahlah [Bahla] and Birkat Al Mauz [Birkat Al Mouz]
  • Discussion of the reorganisation of the Sultan’s Armed Forces (SAF) and of whether British officers should be employed as advisors or as executive commanders
  • Requests for experienced officers, vehicles and arms to be sent to Muscat
  • Templates for mission reports to be sent back by the RAF.