Political relations between Saudi Arabia and UK

FO 371/120771 1956
Description

This file relates to continuing efforts to improve Anglo-Saudi relations after Azzam Pasha's visit to London in July 1956 and amidst the Suez Crisis after Egypt nationalised the Suez Canal on 26 July. It contains correspondence concerning:

  • Douglas Dodds-Parker's talk with Harry F Kern and Kern's communication with Foreign Secretary Selwyn Lloyd. Kern fed back details from his conversations with Azzam Pasha about the recent visit, including the reaction of King Saud Bin Abdul Aziz Al Saud (122-123)
  • Discussion of British tactics and the need to provide some reply to Prince Faisal Bin Abdul Aziz Al Saud's proposal. Lloyd has provisionally decided to offer Saudi Arabia some concessions, subject to Dodds-Parker's talk with Kern (124)
  • US Secretary of State J F Dulles' reply to Lloyd, dated 10 July, on Buraimi. As Anglo-American views are at variance, D M H Riches suggests that the exchange with Dulles be put on hold until British policy is decided (125)
  • Information and impressions gained by Kern during his visit to Saudi Arabia, relayed via a telephone call to Dodds-Parker on 31 July. The British are suspicious of the statement attributed to Yusef Yasin. It also contains a letter from Kern to Lloyd, dated 6 August, including an extract from an article Kern wrote after the nationalisation of the Suez Canal (126)
  • Dulles' reply to Lloyd [enclosed], dated 13 August, regarding talks between Britain and Saudi Arabia on Buraimi and frontier matters. It contains extensive Foreign Office discussion of the Anglo-American aspect to the dispute (127, 130)
  • Letter from British Ambassador in Saudi Arabia R W Parkes to Prince Faisal, rejecting the Prince's previous four-point proposal, but suggesting expedited discussion on Buraimi and possible compromise with the Sultan of Muscat regarding the repatriation of refugees (128)
  • Review of Anglo-Saudi relations following Egypt's nationalisation of the Suez Canal. It gives examples of Saudi irritation with Egypt, but warns that the use of force against Egypt without prior provocation might cause problems for British subjects in Saudi Arabia (129)
  • Letters from Kern to Dodds-Parker, Lloyd, and H Beeley attempting to act as an intermediary and suggesting that in view of the Suez Crisis now is the time for negotiations over Buraimi. HMG is becoming tired of Kern's frequent correspondence. It also contains the text of an article by Kern: 'Disrespect for International Contract is Found at Root of Suez Canal Crisis' (131, 133, 139-140, 142)
  • Prince Faisal's desire to visit London to discuss Buraimi, and information that Kern is 'Herbert Hoover's man' and being paid by the US and Saudi Governments (132)
  • Draft reply from Prince Faisal to Parkes, shown to the latter by US Ambassador to Saudi Arabia George E Wadsworth (134)
  • Prince Faisal's reply [translation enclosed] to Britain's rejection of his previous four-point proposal (135-136)
  • Discussion by Wadsworth and Yusef Yasin regarding Prince Faisal's reply. Wadsworth was disappointed that his comments on the draft had been ignored (137)
  • Briefs on two subjects for the Prime Minister and Foreign Secretary's visit to Paris: arms for Saudi Arabia; and Iraqi-Saudi rapprochement (138)
  • Brief on the latest position regarding Anglo-Saudi relations for Dodds-Parker's conversation with William C Burdett of the US State Department (141)
  • Foreign Secretary's meetings with Kern and Azzam Pasha in New York, largely about Buraimi (143-146)
  • Summary of the present position of Anglo-Saudi relations by Riches, as of 22 October. He submits that the question of Buraimi tactics must not prejudice problems such as the division of the seabed area between Bahrain and Saudi Arabia (147)
  • Official announcement of talks between King Saud and the British Ambassador (148)
  • Two private talks between King Saud and Lebanese President Camille Nimr Chamoun. The British thank Chamoun for his offer to help improve Anglo-Saudi relations (150)
  • Question of whether the 1927 Treaty of Jedda [Jeddah] still exists. The answer is: yes, it is in the sixth year of a seven-year renewal cycle. It contains a copy of the treaty and two exchanges of notes modifying it, dated 3 October 1936 and 3 October 1943 (152)