Bahrain and the Iran-Iraq War

FCO 8/5820 1985 Jan 01 - 1985 Dec 31

This file relates to the views of Bahrain on the Iran-Iraq War. It contains correspondence concerning:

  • Prime Minister of Bahrain Sheikh Khalifa Bin Salman Al Khalifa’s concern over the implications for the Gulf of escalations in the war and the need for increased diplomatic pressure to be brought to bear on the combatants, particularly by the West
  • Need for international pressure, including a possible visit by the UN Secretary General Javier Pérez de Cuéllar to both Baghdad and Tehran to find a comprehensive solution to the hostilities
  • Bahraini questions as to the UK’s position on the war
  • Bahrain Minister of State for Legal Affairs Dr Hussein Mohammad Al Baharna’s view on the assassination attempt on the Ruler of Kuwait Sheikh Jabir Al Ahmad Al Sabah and the suspicion that the Iraqis are behind it
  • Possible oil trade between Iran and Saudi Arabia and how it appears to be at odds with the public Saudi support for Iraq
  • Iranian efforts to improve relations with the Gulf countries, including a visit by the Iranian Deputy Foreign Minister Ali Mohammad Bisharti to Bahrain on 8-10 October 1985
  • Increased Bahraini security efforts in light of the war, including an incident noticed by a Shell tanker of the presence of Rapier missile batteries
  • Inquiries of the Indian Ambassador to Bahrain over developments concerning the war and the Gulf countries’ responses
  • Question of Bahrain-Iraq relations
  • Sceptical view of the Amir of Bahrain Sheikh Isa Bin Salman Al Khalifa of the success of mediation efforts by the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC), among others, until either Iraqi President Saddam Hussein Al Tikriti or Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini of Iran is removed